The World Bank has projected Ghana’s economy to grow at a rate of 5.5% this year.
This is, however, lower than the government’s overall GDP growth rate target of 5.8% in 2022 and also lower than the International Monetary Fund’s (IMF’s) 6.2% Gross Domestic Product (GDP).
In its January 2022 Global Economic Prospects report, the World Bank also projects the country’s economy to grow at 5.0% in 2023 but maintained the 4.1% GDP for 2021.
Sub-Saharan Africa forecast
The World Bank report also said growth in sub-Saharan Africa is projected to firm slightly during the forecast horizon, to 3.6% in 2022 and 3.8% in 2023.
This outlook is nearly a full percentage point below the 2000-19 average, however, reflecting the continued effects of the pandemic, reduced policy support, policy uncertainty and worsening security situation in some countries.
Elevated commodity prices are expected to support near-term recovery across the region, with higher oil prices and the gradual easing of OPEC+ production cuts benefiting Nigeria and Angola.
Growth in Nigeria is expected to reach 2.5% in 2022 and 2.8% in 2023, while Angola’s economy is projected to grow by 3% on average in 2022-23. Growth in South Africa is forecast to moderate to its pre-pandemic trend, being held back by structural impediments and elevated levels of public debt.
High prices for food commodities like coffee and cotton will benefit agricultural exporters (Ethiopia, Kenya, and Tanzania).
However, for some countries, expansion of agricultural activities will be constrained by a variety of uncertainties, including droughts and lower than average rainfall as well as intensifying conflict.
The pandemic has set back progress on poverty reduction and key development goals across the region, reversing more than a decade of gains in per capita income in some countries.
In over a third of the region’s economies, including Angola, Nigeria, and South Africa, per capita incomes are projected to remain lower in 2022 than a decade ago.
Risks to the outlook are tilted to the downside. Poverty, food insecurity, rising food prices, and geopolitical tensions could dampen consumer sentiment and hinder growth. A substantial moderation of the global economic growth could trigger a significant downward correction in commodity prices to the detriment of the region’s oil and metals producers.
Countries facing debt sustainability challenges may face reduced access to external funding, forcing abrupt fiscal adjustment. Very low COVID-19 vaccination rates in the region pose a threat of renewed and more severe outbreaks, which could trigger recurrent disruption to activity.
A prolonged pandemic could amplify past development and health challenges, derail structural and fiscal reforms, and result in lasting human capital losses.
Source: Daily Mail GH